Posts Tagged ‘Aurora Pacific Economic Zone and Freeport’


01/17/2011 | 03:34 PM
(Updated 5:04 p.m.) Residents and indigenous peoples in Aurora province asked the Department of Justice on Monday to look into the alleged irregularities surrounding the Aurora Pacific Economic Zone (APECO), where members of the Angara family sit as board members. 

The locals of Casiguran town, accompanied by prominent Architect Felino Palafox Jr., accused the Angaras of wasting public funds in the creation of the 12,00-hectare economic zone in their home province.

Sen. Edgardo Angara and his son, Aurora Rep. Jun Edgardo “Sonny” Angara co-sponsored Republic Act No. 10083, the law that created APECO. The younger Angara and Aurora Gov. Bellaflor Angara-Castillo, the senator’s sister, sit on the economic zone’s Board.

Palafox, who was initially tapped to create the master plan for APECO, alleged that the Angaras violated Presidential Decree 1445 in failing to submit APECO funds to scrutiny by the Commission on Audit.

Palafox added that the Angaras pushed through with constructing the APECO infrastructure even without passing the necessary studies.

“They had no environmental impact study, land conversion study, feasibility study, seaport study, and airport study,” he said at a news briefing. (more…)


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by Gerry Geronimo

The good senator, Edgardo Angara, labored with might and mien to make it appear that all was pretty, or at least, all was well at the Aurora Pacific Economic Zone Authority (Apeza). He condescended to conduct on Nov. 11, 2010 a second hearing on the proposed budget allocation for the Apeza, just to accommodate certain issues raised against the enterprise during the first hearing. But since the Apeza was a major advocacy of the good senator, and, we must mention, also of a number in his family many of whom are holding public positions in the local and national government, it was not surprising to see a tint of self-interest in the composition of those asked to act as “resource persons.”

“Resource person” is the preferred term of current use, rather than witnesses because from these peoples’ expertise and experience the legislative body is to draw the information and guidance they need to craft the proper legislation. At the Nov. 11 hearing, the unabashedly admitted mandate of the resource persons was to make the rest of us benighted understand how beautiful a project the Apeza was.

But despite the formidable array of Angara allies conscripted into the service to stonewall those who oppose the enterprise, the operation to paint the Angara version of the truth was not entirely successful. After all, the truth is an ungovernable substance that like water seeps through every nook and cranny available until, no matter how long and tedious, it comes out into the open. Making matters difficult for the Angaras was the happy circumstance that the oppositors found their voices articulated by a community not only known but also respected nationwide for its dedication to truth and justice.

It is not very often that I find my church living up to its avowed mission to take the side of the poor, or what theologians call the preferential option for the poor, and, thus, am more than glad, now that I come across one, yield most of space today to the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines-National Secretariat for Social Action, Justice and Peace’s statement about the Aurora Pacific Economic Zone. As published recently in the broadsheets, the text reads as follows:

“Anuman ang dinaranas na takot at pagharap sa panganib ni Fr. Joefran, mga magsasaka at katutubo na naninindigan at sambayanang mulat, kasama kami sa tuloy-tuloy na pagtutol sa proyektong ito [Aseza/Apeco] ng pamahalaan… Ilalaan naming ang aming mga sarili sa anumang hamon sa aming buhay pagkapari mangahulugan man ito ng sakripisyo at pag-aalay ng buhay.” (more…)

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By Atty. Reynaldo Geronimo

Wednesday, January 5, 2011

THE place is called “Casiguran,”; its name, it is said, comes from the Tagalog word “kasiguruhan” which in turn appears to be a corruption (neither pun nor fun nor, despite what follows below, satire intended) of the Spanish word “siguro” which means safety or security.

The name was well-earned, so the story continues, because in that peninsula the galleons that once upon a time plied the Manila-Mexico trade route sought safety from strong storms that sometimes deranged the otherwise sober waters of the ocean called Pacific.

But at the Philippine Senate recently, Casiguran did not provide safe harbor to someone who claim to be its son, Senator Edgardo J. Angara, from the fury of the storm stirred up by the many protesters against the budget allocation proposed for the Aurora Special Economic Zone. The venue of the disturbance was the Senate floor during the consideration last November of that portion of the budget of Trade and Industry and its attached agencies. Senator Angara was sponsor; he was interpellated by Senator Sergio Osmeña III who was articulating the concerns of the protesters.

Perhaps to serve an appropriate appetizer to make his budget proposal palatable to his colleagues, Senator Angara sought permission to run what he described as “a 7-minute video showing what Apeco is and the present state of Apeco”. But whatever may have been its true intent, the video succeeded in alerting the senators to APECO’s shortcomings. Indeed, the video seemed less than accurate. For instance, the dive sites (shown to give the impression that the site is a tourist attraction) were not all in Casiguran; as admitted by Senator Angara, “the dive sites are in Baler but some of them are in Casiguran…”. The video’s images of beaches were also deceptive. Senator Angara had to admit, “The beaches are in Baler…”. He was quick to add, in fairness, that “we did not show a beautiful bay in Casiguran called Casapsapan which I believe can compare favorably with any other beach in the country.” The query, in the minds of those listening, whether on the floor or at the gallery, is, “if Casapsapan was as great as Senator Angara would project it, why was it not put in the video itself”.

But really, those instances of a propagandist’s license were mere just minor minor. What seemed major major, though, were admissions regarding the proposal itself.

First is the real amount of money that has already been put into APECO. The total is unfathomable; but what is clear is that certain expenditures which are primarily for the project are nonetheless lodged in the expenditures for the other departments. For instance, the amounts allocated for the network of roads and bridges are part, not of the APECO budget in the Department of Trade and Industry, but part instead of the budget of the Department of Public Works and its agencies. Hence, there is really no way of knowing exactly how much money was put into good use and how much went down the drain, drained hopefully not necessarily into the pockets of those interested in maintaining the appearance of a viable project. (more…)

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by Rey Salita of Manila Standard Today

Aetas begging on the streets during the holidays are met with amusement and some degree of curiosity.

We frown on them when they use makeshift musical instruments in an attempt to provide their potential benefactors some entertainment.

Only a few of us urban dwellers appreciate the fact that the problems facing these indigenous peoples go deeper than cultural discrimination. Indeed, being seen as tribal novelty and comic sidekicks are the least of their concerns.

How many of us are aware of the displacement and the injustice—let alone the indignity of subsisting on coins doled to them during the holidays —these families endure?

We know land grabbing and agrarian disputes happen in the movies. Landed tyrants lord it over poor farmers in more ways than one. In the real world, however, land grabbing is performed by an unlikely villain—our very own government.

The latest casualties in this real-life drama are some 3,000 Dumagats—the Aeta bands in the northern Sierra Madre—in Aurora province who are being evicted from their ancestral land by the Aurora Pacific Economic Zone and Freeport Authority. The zone expands to 12,427 hectares, covering most of the municipality of Casiguran, including sitios Dibet, Esteves, San Ildefonso, Cozo, and Culat.

This special economic zone is perfectly legal like in all perfect cinematic plots. It was created by Republic Act 10083 filed in 2007 by no less than Senator Edgardo Angara with Representative Juan Edgardo Angara, his son in the House of Representatives, and endorsed by the senator’s sister, Aurora Gov.  Bellaflor Angara-Castillo.

That the Dumagats seem to be in for the show of their lives.

Fr. Edu Gariguez of the National Secretariat for Social Actions of the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines says the setting is rife. “Whatever you’ll find in the movies;” Gariquez says, are here. “We have deceit and violence.”

Gariguez says the farmer-occupants were never consulted when the economic zone was being conceptualized.

The area is made up of rich arable and fishing grounds that it’s a waste of human capital to convert the 12,000-hectare area to an export zone, the priest adds.

Local journalists were also reported to have been harassed when they tried to inform the public about the proposal to convert the land and the establishment of the freeport three years ago.

“Yes, now that it’s a law, occupants are left with no choice but to move to the APECO’s relocation sites. The problem is that these sites are under the Comprehensive Land Reform Program and already have beneficiaries. So what will happen next is that re-settlers will be evicted out of those lands as soon as they are relocated.” Gariguez adds.


Very little is known about the Aeta that most do not even know their groups. But the Aeta of the Sierra Madre are widely referred to as the Agta in Quezon and Aurora provinces. To the far north in Cagayan Valley region, they are known as Dumagats.

The Aeta of Central Luzon was called by the Tagalogs as Ita; the Pampangos, Baluga; and the Zambals, Ayta.

Atrocities against the Aeta are incessant through the centuries that it is quite alarming to see such violations still happening in the 21st century.

When the Americans came to colonize the islands in the early 20th century, their commonwealth government instituted the Bureau of non-Christian Tribes.  In Cagayan province, an archived account detailing the actions of the first commissioner of this bureau documented a “development program”. This program established an orphanage for non-orphans that took away Agta children from their parents with the view that they were “being raised in the most deplorable way of life.”

Agta children were rounded up to live permanently in the orphanage where they were taught “civilities,” as the commissioner wrote in his reports. He said what he found in his post was a “newly found tribe of cannibals in the upper Sierra Madre.”

The commissioner write in his memoirs: “…the most primitive, wild, fierce and dangerous group… a generation from the stone age… having no clothes…fond of eating raw meat…children unwanted and unloved…ignorant of days, weeks and months, as well as years… idolatry and adultery are supreme…”

It was unknown if there were children who survived this captivity but there were oral stories passed on to generations among the Agta that many suffered and died. There were also a number of Agta mothers that were reportedly shot and killed outside the orphanage.

The Aeta remained obscured in the sidelines of the mainstream Filipino society that perhaps there were more atrocities that were committed against them as history unfolded.

During the fighting in the Second World War for the liberation of the Philippines in 1945, there were Aeta bands that aided wounded soldiers and participated in the guerilla warfare against the Japanese.

In the final air battle that followed the retaking of the Clark Airfield in Pampanga, the Aeta villages in the mountains surrounding the contested military installation played a critical role in rescuing downed American pilots.

As a show of gratitude, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in the Pacific and the United States Armed Forces to the Far East, Gen. Douglas MacArthur, signed a memorandum granting exclusive privilege to the Aeta to scavenge freely in all American base dumps in the country.

The earliest documentation of feudal agriculture in the Agta territory was in the 1910s in Casiguran, Quezon, when a US Army officer took several Agta men and chained them together to clear a track of forest where the soldier intended to farm. In July 14, 1923, the Casiguran Municipal Council also passed a formal resolution, asking the national government to “suspend the advance” of the Agta farmlands within their “non-Christian” reservation out of fear that the “Christian” townsfolk will loose trade in the future.

Empowered with that resolution, many Unats charged in the forest reservation and threatened the Agtas to vacate their clearings as the government was forbidding them land ownership. The clearings were then inhabited by the Unats and more maneuvers were taken to keep the Agtas dependent on them that the Unats may extract cheap labor and lopsided trade with the Agtas.

The insurgency problem in the countryside during the 1960s also gave the Unats more reason to drive away the Agtas from their clearings with the help of the military. Tales were woven that Agtas of a particular hamlet, who have already cleared and are tilling a sizable forestland, supports the Communist Party of the Philippines-New People’s Army as assassins and spies, prompting the military to be suspicious and take direct actions against them with bloody results.

Next time you happen to pass by an Aeta roaming the streets, remember: you don’t know even half the story.



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by Gerry Geronimo

How could he have been so unmindful? “Brazen” is the more appropriate label for the behavior, or better still, the more visceral colloquialism, “k—l-m-ks”; but Christmas dawn masses begin tonight and neither adjective is consistent with the clearly made-up opening stories of Matthew and Luke.

Hence, I settle for the least understandable of the three to describe how the otherwise deliberate Senator Edgardo Angara heedlessly transformed himself, chameleon-like, as the need arises.

That show of true colors occurred at the hearing of the Subcommittee “B” hearing of the Senate Committee on Finance held on the 11th of November. The first resource person to talk was Deputy Administrator Ramon Fernando of the Aurora Pacific Economic Zone (Apeco), who made a presentation, obviously prepared for the occasion, “to present the progress of the development of the ecozone.” He was the first to be called because, according to Senator Angara who was the presiding chairman of the subcommittee, “Kaming mga taga-Aurora alam naming ang development niyan pero maraming hindi pa nakakaalam.” Translated roughly, the expression of condescending superiority says “We from Aurora are familiar with the economic development at Apeco; but there are many who up to now do not know.”

If I may hazard a guess, among those whom Senator Angara could have referred to as still ignorant was his fellow Senator Serge Osmeña who had asked for this hearing (the second on the subject) to clarify certain issues which were not asked during the first.

Indeed Senator Serge Osmeña seemed not to know, or more accurately, needed to know too many things about Apeco. For instance, about 30 minutes from the start of the hearing that was recorded at 9:50 in the morning, the good deputy administrator Fernando explained the good works that they at the Apeco were doing for the Dumagats in the area. He proclaimed that they had trained 12 Dumagats with the DENR and “hired them as forest rangers to make sure that there is no poaching of the resources within the peninsula.” What they did with the rest of the Dumagats, who might have lived in the area, was left unanswered.

Fernando at a certain point said, “So, this peninsula [San Ildefonso Peninsula] is about 12,000 hectares worth of rights, ’no, [roughly equivalent to “You know”] 43 percent of the rights had been paid for and we are hoping that with the passing of the budget, we could get another –’’ Senator Osmeña, the unknowing one, interrupted with a question. He asked:

“How much did you pay for the Dumagats per hectare? You are talking about 43 percent of San Ildefonso. That is Phase II.” At this point, Senator Angara let the cat out of the bag. He became both chairman, whose duty was to preside and determine who got to speak and how long, and, without relinquishing his chair, also a resource person.

Probably worried that the good deputy administrator would not give a good enough answer, Senator Angara, as the record reflects, said “Maybe I will intervene. What we bought–”

Before Senator Angara could complete his sentence, Senator Osmeña, the searcher, remarked, “The true chief executive officer of Apeco is about to speak.” In an earlier era of delicadeza, that would have been considered an insult and would have triggered a challenge to a duel at dawn. But, this is the Philippine Senate 2010 and what is done at dawn often has nothing to do with honor. Senator Angara responded, “That’s correct.” No attempt to even feign offense; surely, casually and simply, an admission.

And not just a mere admission. It was coupled with justification. Senator Angara continued, “Because that is why the progress is fast. What we paid for and the board paid for is the surface rights of the forest concessionaire because this is a forest concessionaire in the entire peninsula on the theory that if it is brought under the jurisdiction of Apeco, there is a better chance of protecting it because Apeco is going to be a continuing entity with one of the principal mandates being to preserve and conserve, the natural environment. So, we did pay for the Dumagats because we will, in fact, preserve their settlements in San Ildefonso, but we paid for the surface rights of the timber concessionaire.”

But Senator Osmeña is incorrigible, not to say very dense. Didn’t he just then hear Senator Angara, who had only seconds ago confessed to be the “true executive officer of Apeco,” say that they had paid for the Dumagats? Obviously, Senator Osmeña has been having hearing problems.

He asked the good deputy administrator to confirm that Apeco paid for the surface rights of the timber concessioner, whose name apparently was Joselito Ong. Still hard of hearing, Senator Osmeña asked him, “So, you paid Joselito Ong, you did not pay the Dumagats.”

Mr. Ramon Fernando had to admit, “No, your honor.” Senator Osmeña was still slow to understand. He asked, obviously, to give the good administrator a chance to retract, “You paid Joselito Ong.” Meekly, the good deputy administrator had to confirm, and say “Joselito Ong.”

Senator Osmeña then became a bit curious. He continued asking, “How much did you pay Joselito Ong?” The good administrator, who had to look at his records, was back stopped by Mr. Valencia who supplied the acquisition cost of the 12,000 hectares at P120 million payable in three years. Mr. Valencia, apparently to control the damage, quickly added “we only paid about 50 million as of 2010.”

What came out clearly from Senator Osmeña’s questioning was that under Senator Angara, the admitted true executive officer of Apeco, the government got itself indebted to Joselito Ong for P120 million less the P50 million paid for 2010. For what? Before his subordinates could mess things up, Senator Angara declared again “No. Let me again intervene…”

A number of eyebrows have been raised by the way Senator Angara blithely moved from chairman to resource person. But in this season of ham, suffice it to conclude, for now, that Apeco, really, has a lot to be thankful for. Amongst them is that it has is a Senator Edgardo Angara who, as its true chief executive, is a most alert defender and advocate.

For feedback, e-mail thetrustguru@gmail.com.

From: http://www.manilastandardtoday.com/insideBusiness.htm?f=2010/december/15/business6.isx&d=2010/december/15

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By Ducky Paredes

SEE trouble ahead. The news that the Department of Finance (DOF) wants to downgrade both the Aurora-Pacific Economic Zone Authority (APECO) and the Bataan Export Processing Zone Authority (BEPZA) into just special economic zones without “free port” status and tax privileges that make importations into these ports tax-free.

These two were created by legislation – Republic Acts 10083 and 9728.

The Department of Finance (DOF) say that the tax-free status enjoyed by the two economic free ports costs at least P3 billion in foregone revenues. So, the DOF wants APECO and BEPZA reverted back to their previous status of special economic zones subject to certain taxes provided under the Philippine Economic Zone Authority law. As for APECO, which is, in addition, listed as a non-profit GOCC, the DOF says: “This is tantamount to exempting the said GOCC from tax and dividend declaration. This is inconsistent with the policy of level playing field in the government corporate sector, and the expressed policies of government on the tax and dividend treatment of GOCCs.”

Don’t people in the DOF know that when there are havens such as these, there must be someone powerful behind them?

Says the DOF: “Free ports pose huge challenge to customs authorities. Because of the ‘free flow’ of all goods into the free ports and non-imposition of taxes and duties, the free ports become very vulnerable to smuggling activities that cause a heavy drain on our revenue stream and pose unfair competition to our domestic industries.

“The country does not need another free port to develop growth areas, but more infrastructure to be built by the national government.”

APECO, now practically run by one political family, and BEPZA used to be “merely” special economic zones.

The old Bataan special economic zone was under the administrative supervision of PEZA. But recent laws gave both the status of a free ports, thus, making all importations into the zone, including consumer goods, tax and duty free.

What the DOF wants is fine; just another step that needs to be taken in leveling the playing field. But, isn’t there still another one of these north of Aurora? Why isn’t that one — where all the second-hand cars from Japan ender the country –being noticed by the DOF. If the DOF has noticed it, why is it not being mentioned?


Read more: http://www.malaya.com.ph/12012010/edducky.htm


Readers who missed a column can access www.duckyparedes.com/blogs. This is updated daily. Your reactions are welcome at duckyparedes@yahoo.com



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Sulat Pastoral Hinggil sa APECO

‘Namamaalam na ang gabi at malapit nang lumiwanag.  Layuan na natin ang lahat ng gawang  masama at italaga ang sarili sa paggawa ng mabuti.’ (Roma, 13,11)

Masidhi ang aming panawagan bilang inyong mga Obispo at Kaparian ng Prelatura ng Infanta – Aurora sa inyo  mga mananampalataya na paghandaan ang pagsilang ni Hesus sa sabsaban.  Ang larawan ng karukhaan ng Diyos at pakikisandiwaan niya sa mga dukha.

Regalo ng Diyos ang Pasko para sa ating lahat, mayaman at mahirap.  Niloob niya ito upang maging mapanagutang katiwala tayo ni Hesus para sa isa’t isa lalo na sa mga dukha.  Sa yugtong ito sa kasaysayan ng Prelatura ng Infanta – Aurora, maging mapanagutang katiwala tayo para sa mga biktima ng APECO (Aurora Pacific Ecozone and Freeport) sa Casiguran, Aurora.

Nakarating na sa Senado ang ating laban laban sa APECO.  Bilang bunga ng
sama-sama nating pananalangin at sa gabay ng Espiritu Santo, maraming
katotohanan ang nabunyag at naisiwalat sa liwanag:

o   Walang konsultasyon na nangyari para sa pagsasaalang-alang sa mga biktima tulad ng mga magsasaka, mangingisda at katutubo bago ilunsad ang proyekto.

o   Hindi makatarungan ang Batas APECO dahil nilalabag nito ang Local Government Code, ang Batas Katutubo, ang Batas CARP at CARPER at Batas Mangingisda.

o   Maaari ding nilalabag nito ang mga Batas Pangkalikasan, Batas Laban Pandarambong at Batas Laban sa Corruption.

o   Walang malinaw na record ng mga kagastusan ang proyekto na sinuri ng COA para sa makatarungan pagtatala ng pera ng bayan.

Damahin natin at maki-isang diwa tayo sa mga biktima.  Ito ang kahulugan ng
Pasko na dumama sa kalalagayan ng mga tao lalo ng mga magsasaka na nangangambang mawalan ng sakahan at ikabubuhay.  Malilimitahan ang lawak ng karagatan at hindi na malayang makapangingisda ang mga mangingisda.  Nababalisa ang mga katutubo na mawalan ulit ng lehitimong tirahan sa pag-agaw sa kanilang Lupaing Ninuno.

Marami sa kanila ang nalinlang ng proyeto dahil sa kawalan ng kaalaman.
Itinatago ng mga nanunungkulan ng buong katotohanan.  Nabubuhay din sa takot ang maraming karaniwang tao dahil sa paggamit ng kapangyarihan, napatatahimik sila at napipilit umayon sa kagustuhan ng mga makapangyarihan kapalit ang suhol na pera at pananakot.

Hindi rin natin kinalilimutan ang pagbobomba kay Fr. Joefran Talaban sa kumbento sa Brgy. Bianoan, Casiguran, Aurora.  Naniniwala kami na paraan ito ng pagsupil sa mga lumalaban sa proyektong APECO.  Patuloy pa rin ang maling propaganda laban kay Fr. Jofran sa mga ipinapangalat at mga idinidikit na papel.

Maging taga-saan man kami, bilang mga tinawag na manindigan para gampanan ang papel ni Hesus na Mabuting Pastol sa Hilagang Quezon at Aurora, niyayakap namin ang kalalagayan ng mga biktima ng APECO –  ‘hindi tumatakas ang mabuting pastol kung dumarating man ang mga asong-gubat’ (Juan 10.12-13). Nananawagan kaming isabuhay natin ang Mabuting Balita ni Hesus para sa mga biktima ng APECO:

1.    Sa mga nasilaw sa proyektong APECO: tayo nang ituwid ang ating landas. Mapagpatawad  ang Diyos!  Lilipas ang lahat maliban lamang ang pagmamahal sa Diyos at sa kapwa.  ‘Darating ang anak ng Tao sa oras na hindi ninyo nalalaman.’ (Mateo 24.44).

2.    Sa mga natatakot manindigan at nagagamit sa proyektong APECO: palakasin ang pananampalataya at pakinggan si Juan Bautista.  ‘Magsisi na kayo at talikuran ang inyong kasalanan sapagkat malapit nang dumating ang kaharian ng langit’ (Mateo 3.2).  Manindigan para sa katotohanan.

3.      Sa mga magsasaka, mga mangingisda at mga katutubo: kayo ang may dalang liwanag na tatanglaw sa mga naghahanap sa katotohanan at katarungan sa inyong mga pakikibaka laban sa proyektong APECO para sa kinabukasan ng inyong pamilya at angkan.  ‘Sumainyo ang kapayaan!  Kung paanong isinugo ako ng Ama, isinusugo ko rin kayo’ (Juan 20.21).

4.      Sa lahat ng taong may mabuting kalooban: isang malaking hakbang tungo sa Daang Matuwid ng Pilipinas ang ating pakikiisa sa buhay ng mga magsasaka, mangingisda at mga katutubo sa Casiguran, Aurora.  Magka-isa at mag-sandiwaan tayo para sa  tunay na pag-papaunlad ng buhay ng mga tao at ng kalikasan.

5.      Sa ating Presidente Benigno ‘Noynoy’ Aquino: ang aming pagsisikap na matigil ang proyetong APECO ay aming ambag sa pagsusulong ng inyong Daang Matuwid. Tulungan ninyo kaming makamit ang katarungan para sa mga biktima ng proyektong APECO.

6.      Sa mananampalataya sa Prelatura ng Infanta – Aurora: kailangan natin ang malalim na panalangin.  Magka-isa tayo sa pagdadalisay ng ating lipunan at MSK tungo sa ganap na katuparan ng pangarap ng Ama ng bagong langit at bagong lupa.

Sa pagharap natin sa hamon ng ating pananampalataya lagi nating hinihingi ang
lakas at paggabay ng Espiritu Santo kaya lagi tayong nananalig at
nananampalataya na ibibigay ng Diyos sa atin ang liwanag na papawi sa dilim.
Tibayan natin ang ating pananampalataya dahil sinabi Hesus:  ‘Ako’y laging
kasama ninyo hangang sa katapusan ng panahon. (Mateo 28.20)

Para sa Kaparian ng Prelatura ng Infanta – Aurora:

Obispo Rolando Tria Tirona, OCD, DD

05 Nobyembre 2010

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